The queen is the most dominant piece in the game of chess. Each player starts the game with one queen, placed in the middle of their first rank next to their king. The white queen starts on a white square, and the black queen on a black square, thus the mnemonic ""queen gets her color"" or ""queen on color"". In statistical memo, the white queen starts on the d1 square and the black queen starts on the d8 square.
In the game shatranj, an ancestor of chess, the queen was a fairly weak piece called a fers or vizier, only able to move or capture one square in a diagonal direction similar to a pawn. The modern queen's go arose in 15th century Europe.
The piece is archaically known as the minister. In Polish it is known as the Hetman - the name of a foremost historical military-political office.